Peer-reviewed journal publications

2019

Nouri, H., Stokvis, B., Galindo, A., Blatchford, M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2019) Water scarcity alleviation through water footprint reduction in agriculture: The effect of soil mulching and drip irrigation, Science of the Total Environment, 653: 241–252. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Hoekstra, A.Y., Wu, P. & Zhao, X. (2019) Monthly blue water footprint caps in a river basin to achieve sustainable water consumption: The role of reservoirs, Science of The Total Environment, 650: 891-899. Find it here

2018

Abdelkader, A., Elshorbagy, A., Tuninetti, M., Laio, F., Ridolfi, L., Fahmy, H. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) National water, food, and trade modeling framework: The case of Egypt, Science of the Total Environment, 639: 485-496. Find it here

Cao, X., Wu, M., Shu, R., Zhuo, L., Chen, D., Shao, G., Guo, X., Wang, W. & Tang, S. (2018) Water footprint assessment for crop production based on field measurements: A case study of irrigated paddy rice in East China, Science of The Total Environment, 610-611: 84-93. Find it here

Chouchane, H., Krol, M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Expected increase in staple crop imports in water-scarce countries in 2050, Water Research X, 1: 100001. Find it here

Chouchane, H., Krol, M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Virtual water trade patterns in relation to environmental and socioeconomic factors: A case study for Tunisia, Science of The Total Environment, 613-614: 287-297. Find it here

Chukalla, A.D., Krol , M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Grey water footprint reduction in irrigated crop production: effect of nitrogen application rate, nitrogen form, tillage practice and irrigation strategy, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22(6): 3245-3259. Find it here

Chukalla, A.D., Krol, M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Trade-off between blue and grey water footprint of crop production at different nitrogen application rates under various field management practices, Science of the Total Environment, 626: 962-970. Find it here

Dang, Q. & Konar, M. (2018) Trade openness and domestic water use, Water Resources Research, 54, 4-18. Find it here

Ding, D., Zhao, Y., Guo, H., Li, X., Schoenau, J. & Si, B. (2018) Water footprint for pulse, cereal, and oilseed crops in Saskatchewan, Canada, Water, 10(11): 1609. Find it here

Fulton, J., Norton, M. & Shilling, F. (2018) Water-indexed benefits and impacts of California almonds. Ecological Indicators, in press. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Bosman, R. (2018) The blue and grey water footprint of construction materials: Steel, cement and glass, Water Resources and Industry, 19: 1-12. Find it here

Haghighi, E., Madani, K. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) The water footprint of water conservation using shade balls in California, Nature Sustainability, 1: 358-360. Find it here

Han, Y., Jia, Zhuo, L., Sauvage, S., Sánchez-Pérez, J-M, Huang, H. & Wang, C. (2018) Assessing the water footprint of wheat and maize in Haihe river basin, Northern China, Water, 10(7): 867. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Buurman, J. & van Ginkel, K.C.H. (2018) Urban water security: A review. Environmental Research Letters, 13(5): 053002. Find it here

Hogeboom, R.J., Kamphuis, I. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Water sustainability of investors: Development and application of an assessment framework, Journal of Cleaner Production, 202:642-648. Find it here

Hogeboom, R.J., Knook, L. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) The blue water footprint of the world’s artificial reservoirs for hydroelectricity, irrigation, residential and industrial water supply, flood protection, fishing and recreation, Advances in Water Resources, 113: 285-294. Find it here

Karandish, F., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Hogeboom, R.J. (2018) Groundwater saving and quality improvement by reducing water footprints of crops to benchmarks levels, Advances in Water Resources, 121: 480-491. Find it here

Lathuillière M.J., Coe, M.T., Castanho, A., Graesser, J. & Johnson, M.S. (2018) Evaluating water use for agricultural intensification in Southern Amazonia using the water footprint sustainability assessment, Water, 10(4): 349. Find it here

Makate, C., Wang, R. & Tatsvarei, S. (2018) Water footprint concept and methodology for warranting sustainability in human-induced water use and governance, Sustainable Water Resources Management, 4(1): 91-103. Find it here

Marston, L., Ao, Y., Konar, M., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) High-resolution water footprints of production of the United States, Water Resources Research, 54: 2288-2316. Find it here

Martínez-Alcalá, I., Pellicer-Martínez, F. & Fernández-López, C. (2018) Pharmaceutical grey water footprint: Accounting, influence of wastewater treatment plants and implications of the reuse, Water Research, 135: 278-287. Find it here

Masud, M.B., McAllister, T., Cordeiro, M.R.C. & Faramarzi, M. (2018) Modeling future water footprint of barley production in Alberta, Canada: Implications for water and yields to 2064. Science of the Total Environment, 616-617: 208-222. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Fulton, J. (2018) The effect of diet changes and food loss reduction in reducing the water footprint of an average American, Water International, 43(6): 860-870. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Global anthropogenic phosphorus loads to fresh water and associated grey water footprints and water pollution levels: A high-resolution global study, Water Resources Research, 54(1): 345–358. Find it here

Mohlotsane, P.M., Owusu-Sekyere, E., Jordaan, H., Barnard, J.H., van Rensburg, L.D. (2018) Water footprint accounting along the wheat-bread value chain: Implications for sustainable and productive pater use benchmarks. Water, 10(9): 1167. Find it here

Naranjo-Merino, C.A, Ortíz-Rodriguez, O.O. & Villamizar-G, R.A. (2018) Assessing green and blue water footprints in the supply chain of cocoa production: A case study in the northeast of Colombia, Sustainability, 10(1): 38. Find it here

Rushforth, R.R. & Ruddell, B.L. (2018) A spatially detailed blue water footprint of the United States economy, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22(5): 3007-3032. Find it here

Shtull-trauring, E. & Bernstein, N. (2018) Virtual water flows and water-footprint of agricultural crop production, import and export: A case study for Israel, Science of The Total Environment, 622-623: 1438-1447. Find it here

Spang, E.S. & Stevens, B.D. (2018) Estimating the blue water footprint of in-field crop losses: A case study of U.S. potato cultivation, Sustainability, 10(8): 2854. Find it here

Vanham, D., Comero, S., Gawlik, B.M. & Bidoglio, G. (2018) The water footprint of different diets within European sub-national geographical entities, Nature Sustainability. Find it here

Xu, H. & Wu, M. (2018) A first estimation of county-based green water availability and its implications for agriculture and bioenergy production in the United States, Water, 10(2): 148. Find it here

2017

Ahams, I.C., Paterson, W., Garcia, S., Rushforth, R., Ruddell, B.L. & Mejia, A. (2017) Water footprint of 65 mid- to large-sized U.S. cities and their metropolitan areas. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 53(5): 1147-1163. Find it here

Bosire, C.K., Lannerstad, M., De Leeuw, J., Krol, M.S., Ogutu, J.O., Ochungo, P.A. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Urban consumption of meat and milk and its green and blue water footprints: Patterns in the 1980s and 2000s for Nairobi, Kenya, Science of the Total Environment, 579: 786-96. Find it here

Cao, X., Wu, M., Guo, X., Zheng, Y., Gong, Y., Wu, N. & Wang, W. (2017) Assessing water scarcity in agricultural production system based on the generalized water resources and water footprint framework, Science of The Total Environment, 609: 587-597. Find it here

Chini, C.M, Konar, M. & Stillwell, A.S. (2017) Direct and indirect urban water footprints of the United States, Water Resources Research, 53(1): 316-327. Find it here

Chukalla, A.D., Krol , M.S. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Marginal cost curves for water footprint reduction in irrigated agriculture: Guiding a cost-effective reduction of crop water consumption to a permit or benchmark level, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21: 3507-3524. Find it here

Davis K.F., Seveso A, Rulli M.C. & D’Odorico P (2017) Water savings of crop redistribution in the United States. Water, 9(2): 83. Find it here

De Angelis, E., Metulini, R., Bove, V. & Riccaboni M. (2017) Virtual water trade and bilateral conflicts, Advances in Water Resources, 110: 549-561. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. (2017) Bioenergy water footprints, comparing first, second and third generation feedstocks for bioenergy supply in 2040, European Water, 59: 373-380. Find it here

Gobin, A., Kersebaum, K., Eitzinger, J., Trnka, M., Hlavinka, P., Takáč, J., Kroes, J.,Ventrella, D., Dalla Marta, A., Deelstra, J., Lalić, B., Nejedlik, P., Orlandini, S., Peltonen-Sainio, P., Rajala, A., Saue, T., Şaylan, L., Stričevic, R., Vučetić, V., Zoumides, C. (2017). Variability in the water footprint of arable crop production across European regions, Water, 9(2), 93. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Water footprint assessment: Evolvement of a new research field, Water Resources Management, 31(10): 3061-3081. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. and Van Oel, P.R. (2017) Advancing water footprint assessment research: Challenges in monitoring progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 6, Water, 9(6): 438. Find it here

Hogeboom, H.J. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Water and land footprints and economic productivity as factors in local crop choice: The case of silk in Malawi, Water, 9(10): 802. Find it here

Ibidhi, R., Hoekstra A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes P.W. and Chouchane, H. (2017) Water, land and carbon footprints of sheep and chicken meat produced in Tunisia under different farming systems, Ecological Indicators, 77: 304-313. Find it here

Karandish, F. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Informing national food and water security policy through water footprint assessment: the case of Iran, Water, 9(11): 831. Find it here

Legesse, G., Ominski, K.H., Beauchemin, K.A., Pfister, S., Martel, M., McGeough, E.J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Kroebel, R., Cordeiro, M.R.C. & McAllister, T.A. (2017) BOARD-INVITED REVIEW: Quantifying water use in ruminant production, Journal of Animal Science, 95(5): 2001-2018. Find it here

Le Roux, B., van der Laan, M., Vahrmeijer, T., Bristow, K.L. & Annandale, J.G. (2017) Establishing and testing a catchment water footprint framework to inform sustainable irrigation water use for an aquifer under stress, Science of The Total Environment, 599-600: 1119-1129. Find it here

Marston, L., & M. Konar (2017) Drought impacts to water footprints and virtual water transfers of the Central Valley of California, Water Resources Research, 53(7): 5756-5773. Find it here

Mathioudakis, Gerbens-Leenes, Van der Meer, Hoekstra, (2017) The water footprint of second-generation bioenergy: A comparison of biomass feedstocks and conversion techniques, Journal of Cleaner Production, 148: 571-582. Find it here

Munoz Castillo, R., Feng, K., Hubacek, K., Sun, L., Guilhoto, J. & Miralles-Wilhelm, F. (2017) Uncovering the green, blue, and grey water footprint and virtual water of biofuel production in Brazil: A nexus perspective, Sustainability, 9(11): 2049. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Booij, M.J. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) The water footprint of wood for lumber, pulp, paper, fuel and firewood, Advances in Water Resources, 107: 490-501. Find it here

Shrestha, S., Chapagain, R. & Babel, M.S. (2017) Quantifying the impact of climate change on crop yield and water footprint of rice in the Nam Oon irrigation project, Thailand, Science of The Total Environment, 599-600: 689-699. Find it here

Vanham, B., Gawlik, M. & Bidoglio, G. (2017) Cities as hotspots of indirect water consumption: The case study of Hong Kong, Journal of Hydrology, in press. Find it here

Zhang, X., Liu, J., Tang, Y., Zhao, X., Yang, H., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., van Vliet, M.T.H., Yan, J. (2017) China’s coal-fired power plants impose pressure on water resources, Journal of Cleaner Production, 161: 1171-1179. Find it here

Zhuo, L. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) The effect of different agricultural management practices on irrigation efficiency, water use efficiency and green and blue water footprint, Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 4(2): 185-194. Find it here

2016

Da Silva, V.P.R., De Oliveira, S.D., Hoekstra, A.Y., Dantas Neto, J., Campos, J.H.B.C., Braga, C.C., De Araújo, L.E., Aleixo, D.O., De Brito, J.I.B., De Souza, M.D. and De Holanda, R.M. (2016) Water footprint and virtual water trade of Brazil, Water, 8: 517. Find it here

Ercin, A.E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) European water footprint scenarios for 2050, Water, 8(6): 226. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes P.W. (2016) Energy for freshwater supply, use and disposal in the Netherlands: a case study of Dutch households, International Journal of Water Resources Development, 32(3): 398-411. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) A critique on the water-scarcity weighted water footprint in LCA, Ecological Indicators, 66: 564-573. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2016) Imported water risk: the case of the UK, Environmental Research Letters, 11(5): 055002. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. and Zhang, G.P. (2016) Water footprints and sustainable water allocation, Sustainability, 8(1): 20. Find it here

van den Hurk, B.J.J.M., Bouwer, L.M., Buontempo, C., Döscher, R., Ercin, E., Hananel, C., Hunink, J.E., Kjellström, E., Klein, B., Manez, M., Pappenberger, F., Pouget, L., Ramos, M-H., Ward, P.J., Weerts, A.H. & Wijngaard, J.B. (2016) Improving predictions and management of hydrological extremes through climate services: www.imprex.eu, Climate Services, 1: 6-11. Find it here

Marrin D.L.h6. Your title here… (2016) Using water footprints to identify alternatives for conserving local water resources in California. Water, 8: 497. Find it here

Mayer, A., Mubako, S. & Ruddell B. L. (2016) Developing the greatest blue economy: Water productivity, fresh water depletion and virtual water trade in the Great Lakes basin, Earth’s Future, 4: 282-297. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Four billion people facing severe water scarcity, Science Advances, 2(2): e1500323. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Future electricity: The challenge of reducing both carbon and water footprint, Science of the Total Environment, 569–570: 1282–1288. Find it here

Miguel-Ayala, L., van Eupen, M., Zhang, G.P., Pérez-Soba, M., Martorano, L.G. Lisboa, L. S, and Beltrao, N.E. (2016). Impact of agricultural expansion on water footprint in the Amazon under climate change scenarios, Science of the Total Environment, 569-570: 1159-1173. Find it here

Multsch S, Pahlow M, Ellensohn J, Michalik T, Frede H.G. & Breuer L (2016) A hotspot analysis of water footprints and groundwater decline in the High Plains aquifer region, USA. Regional Environmental Change, 16(8): 2419-2428. Find it here

Rushforth R.R. & Ruddell B.L. (2016) The vulnerability and resilience of a city’s water footprint: The case of Flagstaff, Arizona, USA. Water Resources Research, 52(4): 2698-2714. Find it here

Wu, P., Sun, S., Wang, Y., Zhao, X. (2017) Research on the quantification methods for water footprint of crop production, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 48(6): 651-660. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Benchmark levels for the consumptive water footprint of crop production for different environmental conditions: A case study for winter wheat in China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20: 4547-4559. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Consumptive water footprint and virtual water trade scenarios for China – with a focus on crop production, consumption and trade, Environment International, 94: 211-223. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) The effect of inter-annual variability of consumption, production, trade and climate on crop-related green and blue water footprints and inter-regional virtual water trade: A study for China (1978-2008), Water Research, 94: 73–85. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Wada, Y. (2016) Inter- and intra-annual variation of water footprint of crops and blue water scarcity in the Yellow River Basin (1961-2009), Advances in Water Resources, 87: 21-41. Find it here

2015

Bosire, C.K., Ogutu, J.O., Said, M.Y., Krol, M.S., De Leeuw, J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Trends and spatial variation in water and land footprints of meat and milk production systems in Kenya, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 205: 36-47. Find it here

Chouchane, H., Hoekstra, A.Y., Krol, M.S. & Mekonnen, M.M. (2015) Water footprint of Tunisia from an economic perspective, Ecological Indicators, 52: 311-319. “Find it here”: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.12.015

Chukalla, A.D., Krol , M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Green and blue water footprint reduction in irrigated agriculture: Effect of irrigation techniques, irrigation strategies and mulching, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(12): 4877–4891. Find it here

Dang Q, Lin X & Konar M (2015) Agricultural virtual water flows within the United States. Water Resources Research, 51(2): 973-986 Find it here

De Miguel, A., Hoekstra, A.Y. & García-Calvo, E. (2015) Sustainability of the water footprint of the Spanish pork industry, Ecological Indicators, 57: 465-474. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The sustainability of a single activity, production process or product, Ecological Indicators, 57: 82–84. Find it here

Jackson, N., Konar, M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The water footprint of food aid, Sustainability, 7(6): 6435-6456. Find it here

Linneman, M.H., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Berkhout, W. (2015) Ranking water transparency of Dutch stock-listed companies, Sustainability, 7(4): 4341-4359. Find it here

Liu, J., Zhao, D., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Guan, D. (2015) China’s rising hydropower demand challenges water sector, Scientific Reports, 5: 11446. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Global gray water footprint and water pollution levels related to anthropogenic nitrogen loads to fresh water, Environmental Science and Technology, 49(21): 12860−12868. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The consumptive water footprint of electricity and heat: A global assessment, Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, 1(3): 285-297. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Pahlow, M., Aldaya, M.M., Zarate, E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Sustainability, efficiency and equitability of water consumption and pollution in Latin America and the Caribbean, Sustainability, 7(2): 2086-2112. Find it here

Pahlow, M., P.R. van Oel, M.M. Mekonnen and A.Y. Hoekstra (2015) Increasing pressure on freshwater resources due to terrestrial feed ingredients for aquaculture production, Science of the Total Environment, 536: 847–857. Find it here

Pahlow, M., Snowball, J. and Fraser, G. (2015) Water footprint assessment to inform water management and policy making in South Africa, Water SA, 41(3): 300-313. Find it here

Rushforth R.R. & Ruddell B.L. (2015) The hydro-economic interdependency of cities: Virtual water connections of the Phoenix, Arizona Metropolitan Area. Sustainability, 7: 8522–8547. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Booij, M.J. (2015) Review and classification of indicators of green water availability and scarcity, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(11), 4581-4608. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Hamaideh, A., Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M. and Schyns, M. (2015) Mitigating the risk of extreme water scarcity and dependency: The case of Jordan, Water, 7(10): 5705-5730. Find it here

Williams R & Al-Hmoud R (2015) Virtual water on the Southern High Plains of Texas: The case of a nonrenewable blue water resource. Natural Resources 6: 27-36. Find it here

2014

Cazcarro, I., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Sánchez Chóliz, J. (2014) The water footprint of tourism in Spain, Tourism Management, 40: 90-101. Find it here

Ercin, A.E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water footprint scenarios for 2050: A global analysis, Environment International, 64: 71-82. Find it here

Fang, K., Heijungs, R. and De Snoo, G.R. (2014) Theoretical exploration for the combination of the ecological, energy, carbon, and water footprints: Overview of a footprint family, Ecological Indicators, 36: 508-518. Find it here

Fulton J, Cooley H & Gleick P.H. (2014) Water footprint outcomes and policy relevance change with scale considered: Evidence from California. Water Resources Management, 28(11): 3637-3649. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Xu, L., De Vries, G.J. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) The blue water footprint and land use of biofuels from algae, Water Resources Research, 50(11): 8549-8563. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Sustainable, efficient and equitable water use: The three pillars under wise freshwater allocation, WIREs Water, 1(1): 31-40. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water for animal products: a blind spot in water policy, Environmental Research Letters, 9(9): 091003. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water scarcity challenges to business, Nature Climate Change, 4(5): 318-320. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Wiedmann, T.O. (2014) Humanity’s unsustainable environmental footprint, Science, 344(6188): 1114-1117. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water conservation through trade: The case of Kenya, Water International, 39(4): 451-468. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water footprint benchmarks for crop production: A first global assessment, Ecological Indicators, 46: 214-223. Find it here

Orlowsky, B., Hoekstra, A.Y., Gudmundsson, L. and Seneviratne, S.I. (2014) Todays virtual water consumption and trade under future water scarcity, Environmental Research Letters, 9: 074007. Find it here

Savenije, H.H.G., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Zaag, P. (2014) Evolving water science in the Anthropocene, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(1): 319-332. Find it here

Schyns, J.F. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) La valeur ajoutee de l evaluation d empreinte eau pour la politique national de l eau: Une etude de cas pour le Maroc, traduction d un article de recherche publie en anglais dans la revue PLoS ONE, 9(6): e99705. Find it here

Schyns, J.F. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) The added value of Water Footprint Assessment for national water policy: A case study for Morocco, PLoS ONE, 9(6): e99705. Find it here

Vanham, D. and Bidoglio, G. (2014) The water footprint of agricultural products in European river basins, Environmental Research Letters, 9: 064007. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Sensitivity and uncertainty in crop water footprint accounting: A case study for the Yellow River basin, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(6): 2219-2234. Find it here

2013

Boulay, A.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Vionnet, S. (2013) Complementarities of water-focused life cycle assessment and water footprint assessment, Environmental Science and Technology, 47(21): 11926-11927. Find it here

Dumont, A., Salmoral, G. and Llamas, M.R. (2013) The water footprint of a river basin with a special focus on groundwater: The case of Guadalquivir basin (Spain), Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 60-76. Find it here

Ercin, A.E., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Sustainability of national consumption from a water resources perspective: The case study for France, Ecological Economics, 88: 133-147. Find it here

Francke, I.C.M. and Castro, J.F.W. (2013) Carbon and water footprint analysis of a soap bar produced in Brazil by Natura Cosmetics, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 37-48. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint of poultry, pork and beef: A comparative study in different countries and production systems, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 25-36. Find it here

Mubako S.T. & Lant C.L. (2013) Agricultural virtual water trade and water footprint of U.S. states. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 103(2): 385-396. Find it here

Mubako S.T., Lahiri S & Lant C.L. (2013) Input-output analysis of virtual water transfers: Case study of California and Illinois. Ecological Economics, 93: 230-238. Find it here

Ruini, L., Marino, M., Pignatelli, S., Laio, F. and Ridolfi, L. (2013) Water footprint of a large-sized food company: The case of Barilla pasta production, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 7-24. Find it here

Rushforth, R.R., Adams, E.A. and Ruddell, B.L. (2013) Generalizing ecological, water and carbon footprint methods and their worldview assumptions using embedded resource accounting, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 77-90. Find it here

Vanham, D. (2013) An assessment of the virtual water balance for agricultural products in EU river basins, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 49-59. Find it here

Vanham, D. and Bidoglio, G. (2013) A review on the indicator water footprint for the EU28, Ecological Indicators, 26: 61–75. Find it here

Vanham, D., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Bidoglio, G. (2013) Potential water saving through changes in European diets, Environment International, 61: 45-56. Find it here

Vanham, D., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint of the EU for different diets, Ecological Indicators, 32: 1-8. Find it here

Zhang, G.P., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mathews, R.E. (2013) Water footprint assessment (WFA) for better water governance and sustainable development, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 1-6. Find it here

2012

Chapagain, A.K. and Tickner, D. (2012) Water footprint: Help or hindrance?, Water Alternatives, 5:(3) 563-581. Find it here

Ercin, A.E., Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of soy milk and soy burger and equivalent animal products, Ecological Indicators, 18: 392−402. Find it here

Galli, A., Wiedmann, T., Ercin, E., Knoblauch, D., Ewing, B. and Giljum, S. (2012) Integrating ecological, carbon and water footprint into a “footprint family” of indicators: Definition and role in tracking human pressure on the planet, Ecological Indicators, 16: 100-112. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of sweeteners and bio-ethanol, Environment International, 40: 202-211. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Van Lienden, A.R., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, Th.H. (2012) Biofuel scenarios in a water perspective: The global blue and green water footprint of road transport in 2030, Global Environmental Change, 22: 764-775. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Computer-supported games and role plays in teaching water management, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(8): 2985-2994. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The hidden water resource use behind meat and dairy, Animal Frontiers, 2(2): 3-8. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) From water footprint assessment to policy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(22): E1425. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) The water footprint of humanity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(9): 3232−3237. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M., Chapagain, A.K., Mathews, R.E. and Richter, B.D. (2012) Global monthly water scarcity: Blue water footprints versus blue water availability, PLoS ONE, 7(2): e32688. Find it here

Jefferies, D., Muñoz, I., Hodges, J., King, V.J., Aldaya, M., Ercin, A.E., Milà i Canals, L. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Water footprint and life cycle assessment as approaches to assess potential impacts of products on water consumption: Key learning points from pilot studies on tea and margarine, Journal of Cleaner Production, 33: 155-166. Find it here

Liu, C., Kroeze, C., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Gerbens-Leenes, W. (2012) Past and future trends in grey water footprints of anthropogenic nitrogen and phosphorus inputs to major world rivers, Ecological Indicators, 18: 42-49. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) A global assessment of the water footprint of farm animal products, Ecosystems, 15(3): 401−415. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The blue water footprint of electricity from hydropower, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(1): 179-187. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Becht, R. (2012) Mitigating the water footprint of export cut flowers from the Lake Naivasha basin, Kenya, Water Resources Management, 26: 3725−3742. Find it here

van Oel, P.R. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Towards quantification of the water footprint of paper: A first estimate of its consumptive component, Water Resources Management, 26(3): 733-749. Find it here

Steen-Olsen, K., Weinzettel, J., Cranston, G., Ercin, A.E. and Hertwich, E.G. (2012) Carbon, land, and water footprint accounts for the European Union: Consumption, production, and displacements through international trade, Environmental Science and Technology, 46(20): 10883-10891. Find it here

Zeng, Z., Liu, J., Koeneman, P.H., Zarate, E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Assessing water footprint at river basin level: a case study for the Heihe river basin in northwest China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(8): 2771-2781. Find it here

2011

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The blue, green and grey water footprint of rice from production and consumption perspectives, Ecological Economics, 70(4): 749-758. Find it here

Ercin, A.E., Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) Corporate water footprint accounting and impact assessment: The case of the water footprint of a sugar-containing carbonated beverage, Water Resources Management, 25(2): 721-741. Find it here

Fader, M., Gerten, D., Thammer, M., Heinke, J., Lotze-Campen, H., Lucht, W. and Cramer, W. (2011) Internal and external green-blue agricultural water footprints of nations, and related water and land savings through trade, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(5): 1641-1660. Find it here

Feng, K., Hubacek, K., Minx, J., Siu, Y.L., Chapagain, A., Yu, Y., Guan, D. and Barrett, J. (2011) Spatially explicit analysis of water footprints in the UK, Water, 3(1): 47-63. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The water footprint of biofuel-based transport, Energy & Environmental Science, 4(8): 2658-2668. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The global dimension of water governance: Why the river basin approach is no longer sufficient and why cooperative action at global level is needed, Water, 3(1):21-46. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(5): 1577-1600. Find it here

2010

Aldaya, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The water needed for Italians to eat pasta and pizza, Agricultural Systems, 103: 351-360. Find it here

Aldaya, M.M., Allan, J.A. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) Strategic importance of green water in international crop trade, Ecological Economics, 69(4): 887-894. Find it here

Aldaya, M.M., Martinez-Santos, P. and Llamas, M.R. (2010) Incorporating the water footprint and virtual water into policy: Reflections from the Mancha Occidental region, Spain, Water Resources Management, 24(5): 941-958. Find it here

Bulsink, F., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Booij, M.J. (2010) The water footprint of Indonesian provinces related to the consumption of crop products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14(1): 119−128. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) A global and high-resolution assessment of the green, blue and grey water footprint of wheat, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14(7), 1259−1276. Find it here

Romaguera, M., Hoekstra, A.Y., Su, Z., Krol, M.S. and Salama, M.S. (2010) Potential of using remote sensing techniques for global assessment of water footprint of crops, Remote Sensing, 2(4): 1177-1196. Find it here

2009

Chapagain, A.K., and Orr, S. (2009) An improved water footprint methodology linking global consumption to local water resources: A case of Spanish tomatoes, Journal of Environmental Management, 90: 1219-1228. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, W., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer, T.H. (2009) The water footprint of bioenergy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (25): 10219-10223. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. Hoekstra, A.Y. and Van der Meer. Th. (2009) The water footprint of energy from biomass: A quantitative assessment and consequences of an increasing share of bio-energy in energy supply, Ecological Economics, 68(4): 1052-1060. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) Human appropriation of natural capital: A comparison of ecological footprint and water footprint analysis, Ecological Economics, 68(7): 1963-1974. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes, W. and Van der Meer, T.H. (2009) Water footprint accounting, impact assessment, and life-cycle assessment, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(40): E114. Find it here

van Oel, P.R., Mekonnen M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) The external water footprint of the Netherlands: Geographically-explicit quantification and impact assessment, Ecological Economics, 69(1): 82-92. Find it here

Verma, S., Kampman, D.A., Van der Zaag, P. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) Going against the flow: A critical analysis of inter-state virtual water trade in the context of India’s national river linking programme, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 34: 261-269. Find it here

2008

Chapagain, A.K. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) The global component of freshwater demand and supply: An assessment of virtual water flows between nations as a result of trade in agricultural and industrial products, Water International, 33(1): 19-32. Find it here

Liu, J. and Savenije, H.H.G. (2008) Food consumption patterns and their effect on water requirement in China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 12(3): 887-898. Find it here

2007

Chapagain, A.K., and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) The water footprint of coffee and tea consumption in the Netherlands, Ecological Economics, 64(1): 109-118. Find it here

Galloway, J.N., et al. (2007) International trade in meat: The tip of the pork chop, Ambio, 36(8): 622-629. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2007) The water footprints of Morocco and the Netherlands: Global water use as a result of domestic consumption of agricultural commodities, Ecological Economics, 64(1): 143-151. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Chapagain, A.K. (2007) Water footprints of nations: water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern, Water Resources Management, 21(1): 35-48. Find it here

2006

Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., and Savenije, H.H.G. (2006) Water saving through international trade of agricultural products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10(3): 455-468. Find it here

Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G. and Gautam, R. (2006) The water footprint of cotton consumption: An assessment of the impact of worldwide consumption of cotton products on the water resources in the cotton producing countries, Ecological Economics, 60(1): 186-203. Find it here

Ma, J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Wang, H., Chapagain, A.K. and Wang, D. (2006) Virtual versus real water transfers within China, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B., 361 (1469): 835-842. Find it here

2005

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Hung, P.Q. (2005) Globalisation of water resources: international virtual water flows in relation to crop trade, Global Environmental Change, 15(1): 45-56. Find it here