Peer-reviewed journal publications

2019

Aldaya, M.M., Custodio, E., Llamas, R., Fernández, M.F., García, J. & Ródenas, M.A. (2019) An academic analysis with recommendations for water management and planning at the basin scale: A review of water planning in the Segura River Basin, Science of the Total Environment, 662: 755-768. Find it here

Brindha, K. (2019) National water saving through import of agriculture and livestock products: A case study from India, Sustainable Production and Consumption, 18: 63-71. Find it here

Duarte, R., Pinilla, V. & Serrano, A. (2019) Long term drivers of global virtual water trade: A trade gravity approach for 1965–2010, Ecological Economics, 156: 318-326. Find it here

Ewaid, H.S., Abed, A.S. & Al-Ansari, N. (2019) Water footprint of wheat in Iraq. Water, 11(3). Find it here

Fu, M., Guo, B., Wang, W., Wang, J., Zhao, L. & Wang, J. (2019) Comprehensive assessment of water footprints and water scarcity pressure for main crops in Shandong province, China. Sustainability, 11(7): 1856. Find it here

Gush, M., Dzikiti, S., van der Laan, M., Steyn, M., Manamathela, S. & Pienaar, H. (2019) Field quantification of the water footprint of an apple orchard, and extrapolation to watershed scale within a winter rainfall Mediterranean climate zone. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 271: 135-147. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2019) Green-blue water accounting in a soil water balance, Advances in Water Resources, 129: 112-117. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. & van Oel, P.R. (2019) Progress in water footprint assessment: Towards collective action in water governance, Water, 11(5): 1070. Find it here

Holmatov, B., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Krol, M.S. (2019) Land, water and carbon footprints of circular bioenergy production systems, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 111: 224-235. Find it here

Karandish, F. (2019) Applying grey water footprint assessment to achieve environmental sustainability within a nation under intensive agriculture: A high-resolution assessment for common agrochemicals and crops, Environmental Earth Sciences, 78: 200. Find it here

Karandish, F. & Šimůnek, J. (2019) A comparison of the HYDRUS (2D/3D) and SALTMED models to investigate the influence of various water-saving irrigation strategies on the maize water footprint, Agricultural Water Management, 213: 809-820. Find it here

Masud, M.B., Wada, Y., Goss, G. & Faramarzi, M. (2019) Global implications of regional grain production through virtual water trade, Science of the Total Environment, 659: 807-820. Find it here

Mubako, S.T. (2019) Blue, green, and grey water quantification approaches: A bibliometric and literature review. Journal of Contemporary Water Research & Education. 165(1): 4-19. Find it here

Nouri, H., Stokvis, B., Galindo, A., Blatchford, M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2019) Water scarcity alleviation through water footprint reduction in agriculture: The effect of soil mulching and drip irrigation, Science of the Total Environment, 653: 241–252. Find it here

Ruess, P.J. & Konar, M. (2019) Grain and virtual water storage capacity in the United States. Water Resources Research, 55. Find it here

Schyns, J.F. & Vanham, D. (2019) The water footprint of wood for energy consumed in the European Union, Water, 11(2): 206. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Hoekstra, A.Y., Booij, M.J., Hogeboom, R.J. & Mekonnen, M.M. (2019) Limits to the world’s green water resources for food, feed, fiber, timber, and bioenergy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(11): 4893–4898. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Hoekstra, A.Y., Hogeboom, R.J. & Booij, M.J. (2019) Moisture recycling: Key to assess hydrological impacts of land cover changes, but not to quantify water allocation to competing demands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(17): 8104. Find it here

Vaca-Jimenez, S., Gerbens-Leenes, P. & Nonhebel, S. (2019) The water footprint of electricity in Ecuador: technology and fuel variation indicate pathways towards water-efficient electricity mixes. Water Resources and Industry, 22: 100112. Find it here

Wu, X., Degefu, M.D., Yuan, L., Liao, Z., He, W., An, M. & Zhang, Z. (2019) Assessment of water footprints of consumption and production in transboundary river basins at country-basin mesh-based spatial resolution. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5): 703. Find it here

Xu, Z., Chen, X., Wu, S.R., Gong, M., Du, Y., Wang, J., Li, Y. & Liu, J. (2019) Spatial-temporal assessment of water footprint, water scarcity and crop water productivity in a major crop production region. Journal of Cleaner Production, 224: 375-383. Find it here

Ye, Q., Li, Y., Zhang, W. & Cai, W. (2019) Influential factors on water footprint: A focus on wheat production and consumption in virtual water import and export regions. Ecological Indicators, 102: 309-315. Find it here

Zhao, X., Liao, X., Chen, B., Tillotson, M.R., Guo, W. & Li, Y. (2019) Accounting global grey water footprint from both consumption and production perspectives. Journal of Cleaner Production, 225: 963-971. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Hoekstra, A.Y., Wu, P. & Zhao, X. (2019) Monthly blue water footprint caps in a river basin to achieve sustainable water consumption: The role of reservoirs, Science of The Total Environment, 650: 891-899. Find it here

2018

Abdelkader, A., Elshorbagy, A., Tuninetti, M., Laio, F., Ridolfi, L., Fahmy, H. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) National water, food, and trade modeling framework: The case of Egypt, Science of the Total Environment, 639: 485-496. Find it here

Bai, X., Ren, X., Khanna, N.Z., Zhang, G.P., Zhou, N., Bai, Y. & Hu, M. (2018) A comparative study of a full value-chain water footprint assessment using two international standards at a large-scale hog farm in China, Journal of Cleaner Production, 176: 557-565. Find it here

Cao, X., Wu, M., Shu, R., Zhuo, L., Chen, D., Shao, G., Guo, X., Wang, W. & Tang, S. (2018) Water footprint assessment for crop production based on field measurements: A case study of irrigated paddy rice in East China, Science of The Total Environment, 610-611: 84-93. Find it here

Chouchane, H., Krol, M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Expected increase in staple crop imports in water-scarce countries in 2050, Water Research X, 1: 100001. Find it here

Chouchane, H., Krol, M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Virtual water trade patterns in relation to environmental and socioeconomic factors: A case study for Tunisia, Science of The Total Environment, 613-614: 287-297. Find it here

Chukalla, A.D., Krol , M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Grey water footprint reduction in irrigated crop production: effect of nitrogen application rate, nitrogen form, tillage practice and irrigation strategy, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22(6): 3245-3259. Find it here

Chukalla, A.D., Krol, M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Trade-off between blue and grey water footprint of crop production at different nitrogen application rates under various field management practices, Science of the Total Environment, 626: 962-970. Find it here

D’Ambrosio, E., De Girolamo, A.M. & Rulli, M.C. (2018) Coupling the water footprint accounting of crops and in-stream monitoring activities at the catchment scale, MethodsX, 5: 1221-1240. Find it here

Dang, Q. & Konar, M. (2018) Trade openness and domestic water use, Water Resources Research, 54, 4-18. Find it here

Davis K.F., Chiarelli D.D., Rulli M.C., Chhatre A., Richter B., Singh D. & DeFries R. (2018) Alternative cereals can improve water use and nutrient supply in India, Science Advances, 4(7): eaao1108. Find it here

Ding, D., Zhao, Y., Guo, H., Li, X., Schoenau, J. & Si, B. (2018) Water footprint for pulse, cereal, and oilseed crops in Saskatchewan, Canada, Water, 10(11): 1609. Find it here

D’Odorico P., Davis K.F., Rosa L., Carr J.A., Chiarelli D.D., Dell’Angelo J., Gephart J.A., MacDonald G.K., Seekell D.A., Suweis S. & Rulli M.C. (2018) The global food-energy-water nexus, Reviews of Geophysics, 56(3): 456–531. Find it here

Fang, K., Zhang, Q., Yu, H., Wang, Y., Dong, L. & Shi, L. (2018) Sustainability of the use of natural capital in a city: Measuring the size and depth of urban ecological and water footprints, Science of the Total Environment, 631: 476-484. Find it here

Fulton, J., Norton, M. & Shilling, F. (2018) Water-indexed benefits and impacts of California almonds. Ecological Indicators, in press. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Bosman, R. (2018) The blue and grey water footprint of construction materials: Steel, cement and glass, Water Resources and Industry, 19: 1-12. Find it here

Haghighi, E., Madani, K. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) The water footprint of water conservation using shade balls in California, Nature Sustainability, 1: 358-360. Find it here

Haie, N., Freitas, M.R. & Pereira, J.C. (2018) Integrating water footprint and sefficiency: Overcoming water footprint criticisms and improving decision making, Water Alternatives, 11(3): 933-95. Find it here

Han, Y., Jia, Zhuo, L., Sauvage, S., Sánchez-Pérez, J-M, Huang, H. & Wang, C. (2018) Assessing the water footprint of wheat and maize in Haihe river basin, Northern China, Water, 10(7): 867. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Buurman, J. & van Ginkel, K.C.H. (2018) Urban water security: A review. Environmental Research Letters, 13(5): 053002. Find it here

Hogeboom, R.J., Kamphuis, I. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Water sustainability of investors: Development and application of an assessment framework, Journal of Cleaner Production, 202:642-648. Find it here

Hogeboom, R.J., Knook, L. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) The blue water footprint of the world’s artificial reservoirs for hydroelectricity, irrigation, residential and industrial water supply, flood protection, fishing and recreation, Advances in Water Resources, 113: 285-294. Find it here

Ibidhi, R. & Ben Salem, H. (2018) Water footprint and economic water productivity of sheep meat at farm scale in humid and semi-arid agro-ecological zones. Small Ruminant Research, 166: 101-108. Find it here

Ibidhi, R. & Ben Salem, H. (2018) Water footprint assessment of sheep farming systems based on farm survey data. Animal, 13(2): 407-416. Find it here

Karandish, F., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Hogeboom, R.J. (2018) Groundwater saving and quality improvement by reducing water footprints of crops to benchmarks levels, Advances in Water Resources, 121: 480-491. Find it here

Karandish, F. & Šimůnek, J. (2018) An application of the water footprint assessment to optimize production of crops irrigated with saline water: A scenario assessment with HYDRUS, Agricultural Water Management, 208: 67-82. Find it here

Lathuillière M.J., Coe, M.T., Castanho, A., Graesser, J. & Johnson, M.S. (2018) Evaluating water use for agricultural intensification in Southern Amazonia using the water footprint sustainability assessment, Water, 10(4): 349. Find it here

Liu, W., Antonelli, M., Kummu, M., Zhao, X., Wu, P., Liu, J., Zhuo, L. & Yang, H. (2019) Savings and losses of global water resources in food-related virtual water trade, WIREs: Water, 6(1): e1320. Find it here

Liu, J., Zhang, Y. & Yu, Z. (2018) Evaluation of physical and economic water-saving efficiency for virtual water flows related to inter-regional crop trade in China, Sustainability, 10(11): 4308. Find it here

Makate, C., Wang, R. & Tatsvarei, S. (2018) Water footprint concept and methodology for warranting sustainability in human-induced water use and governance, Sustainable Water Resources Management, 4(1): 91-103. Find it here

Marston, L., Ao, Y., Konar, M., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) High-resolution water footprints of production of the United States, Water Resources Research, 54(3): 2288-2316. Find it here

Martínez-Alcalá, I., Pellicer-Martínez, F. & Fernández-López, C. (2018) Pharmaceutical grey water footprint: Accounting, influence of wastewater treatment plants and implications of the reuse, Water Research, 135: 278-287. Find it here

Martínez-Paz, J.M, Gomariz-Castillo, F. & Pellicer-Martínez, F. (2018) Appraisal of the water footprint of irrigated agriculture in a semi-arid area: The Segura river basin, PLoS ONE, 13(11): e0206852. Find it here

Masud, M.B., McAllister, T., Cordeiro, M.R.C. & Faramarzi, M. (2018) Modeling future water footprint of barley production in Alberta, Canada: Implications for water and yields to 2064. Science of the Total Environment, 616-617: 208-222. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Fulton, J. (2018) The effect of diet changes and food loss reduction in reducing the water footprint of an average American, Water International, 43(6): 860-870. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Global anthropogenic phosphorus loads to fresh water and associated grey water footprints and water pollution levels: A high-resolution global study, Water Resources Research, 54(1): 345–358. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Romanelli, T.L., Ray, C., Hoekstra, A.Y., Liska, A.J. & Neale, C.M.U. (2018) Water, energy, and carbon footprints of bioethanol from the U.S. and Brazil, Environmental Science & Technology, 52(24): 14508-14518. Find it here

Mohlotsane, P.M., Owusu-Sekyere, E., Jordaan, H., Barnard, J.H., van Rensburg, L.D. (2018) Water footprint accounting along the wheat-bread value chain: Implications for sustainable and productive water use benchmarks. Water, 10(9): 1167. Find it here

Naranjo-Merino, C.A, Ortíz-Rodriguez, O.O. & Villamizar-G, R.A. (2018) Assessing green and blue water footprints in the supply chain of cocoa production: A case study in the northeast of Colombia, Sustainability, 10(1): 38. Find it here

Rosa L., Rulli M.C., Davis K.F. & D’Odorico P. (2018) The water-energy nexus of hydraulic fracturing: a global hydrologic analysis for shale oil and gas extraction, Earth’s Future, 6(5): 745–756. Find it here

Rosa L., Rulli M.C., Davis K.F., Chiarelli D.D., Passera C. & D’Odorico P. (2018) Closing the yield gap while ensuring water sustainability, Environmental Research Letters, 13: 104002. Find it here

Rushforth, R.R. & Ruddell, B.L. (2018) A spatially detailed blue water footprint of the United States economy, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22(5): 3007-3032. Find it here

Shtull-trauring, E. & Bernstein, N. (2018) Virtual water flows and water-footprint of agricultural crop production, import and export: A case study for Israel, Science of The Total Environment, 622-623: 1438-1447. Find it here

Spang, E.S. & Stevens, B.D. (2018) Estimating the blue water footprint of in-field crop losses: A case study of U.S. potato cultivation, Sustainability, 10(8): 2854. Find it here

Tian, X., Sarkis, J., Geng, Y., Qian, Y., Gao, C., Bleischwitz, R. & Xu, Y. (2018) Evolution of China’s water footprint and virtual water trade: A global trade assessment, Environment International, 121: 178-188. Find it here

Vanham, D., Comero, S., Gawlik, B.M. & Bidoglio, G. (2018) The water footprint of different diets within European sub-national geographical entities, Nature Sustainability. Find it here

Xu, H. & Wu, M. (2018) A first estimation of county-based green water availability and its implications for agriculture and bioenergy production in the United States, Water, 10(2): 148. Find it here

2017

Ahams, I.C., Paterson, W., Garcia, S., Rushforth, R., Ruddell, B.L. & Mejia, A. (2017) Water footprint of 65 mid- to large-sized U.S. cities and their metropolitan areas. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 53(5): 1147-1163. Find it here

Bosire, C.K., Lannerstad, M., De Leeuw, J., Krol, M.S., Ogutu, J.O., Ochungo, P.A. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Urban consumption of meat and milk and its green and blue water footprints: Patterns in the 1980s and 2000s for Nairobi, Kenya, Science of the Total Environment, 579: 786-96. Find it here

Cao, X., Wu, M., Guo, X., Zheng, Y., Gong, Y., Wu, N. & Wang, W. (2017) Assessing water scarcity in agricultural production system based on the generalized water resources and water footprint framework, Science of The Total Environment, 609: 587-597. Find it here

Chini, C.M, Konar, M. & Stillwell, A.S. (2017) Direct and indirect urban water footprints of the United States, Water Resources Research, 53(1): 316-327. Find it here

Chukalla, A.D., Krol , M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Marginal cost curves for water footprint reduction in irrigated agriculture: Guiding a cost-effective reduction of crop water consumption to a permit or benchmark level, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21: 3507-3524. Find it here

Davis K.F., Seveso A, Rulli M.C. & D’Odorico P (2017) Water savings of crop redistribution in the United States. Water, 9(2): 83. Find it here

Davis K.F., Rulli M.C., Seveso A. & D’Odorico P. (2017) Increased food production and reduced water use through optimized crop distribution, Nature Geoscience 10: 919–924. Find it here

Davis K.F., Rulli M.C., Garrassino F., Chiarelli D., Seveso A. & D’Odorico P. (2017) Water limits to closing yield gaps, Advances in Water Resources, 99: 67-75. Find it here

De Angelis, E., Metulini, R., Bove, V. & Riccaboni M. (2017) Virtual water trade and bilateral conflicts, Advances in Water Resources, 110: 549-561. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. (2017) Bioenergy water footprints, comparing first, second and third generation feedstocks for bioenergy supply in 2040, European Water, 59: 373-380. Find it here

Gobin, A., Kersebaum, K., Eitzinger, J., Trnka, M., Hlavinka, P., Takáč, J., Kroes, J.,Ventrella, D., Dalla Marta, A., Deelstra, J., Lalić, B., Nejedlik, P., Orlandini, S., Peltonen-Sainio, P., Rajala, A., Saue, T., Şaylan, L., Stričevic, R., Vučetić, V., Zoumides, C. (2017). Variability in the water footprint of arable crop production across European regions, Water, 9(2), 93. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Water footprint assessment: Evolvement of a new research field, Water Resources Management, 31(10): 3061-3081. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. & Van Oel, P.R. (2017) Advancing water footprint assessment research: Challenges in monitoring progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 6, Water, 9(6): 438. Find it here

Hogeboom, H.J. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Water and land footprints and economic productivity as factors in local crop choice: The case of silk in Malawi, Water, 9(10): 802. Find it here

Ibidhi, R., Hoekstra A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes P.W. & Chouchane, H. (2017) Water, land and carbon footprints of sheep and chicken meat produced in Tunisia under different farming systems, Ecological Indicators, 77: 304-313. Find it here

Karandish, F. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) Informing national food and water security policy through water footprint assessment: the case of Iran, Water, 9(11): 831. Find it here

Legesse, G., Ominski, K.H., Beauchemin, K.A., Pfister, S., Martel, M., McGeough, E.J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Kroebel, R., Cordeiro, M.R.C. & McAllister, T.A. (2017) BOARD-INVITED REVIEW: Quantifying water use in ruminant production, Journal of Animal Science, 95(5): 2001-2018. Find it here

Le Roux, B., van der Laan, M., Vahrmeijer, T., Bristow, K.L. & Annandale, J.G. (2017) Establishing and testing a catchment water footprint framework to inform sustainable irrigation water use for an aquifer under stress, Science of The Total Environment, 599-600: 1119-1129. Find it here

Marston, L., & M. Konar (2017) Drought impacts to water footprints and virtual water transfers of the Central Valley of California, Water Resources Research, 53(7): 5756-5773. Find it here

Mathioudakis, Gerbens-Leenes, Van der Meer, Hoekstra, (2017) The water footprint of second-generation bioenergy: A comparison of biomass feedstocks and conversion techniques, Journal of Cleaner Production, 148: 571-582. Find it here

Munoz Castillo, R., Feng, K., Hubacek, K., Sun, L., Guilhoto, J. & Miralles-Wilhelm, F. (2017) Uncovering the green, blue, and grey water footprint and virtual water of biofuel production in Brazil: A nexus perspective, Sustainability, 9(11): 2049. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Booij, M.J. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) The water footprint of wood for lumber, pulp, paper, fuel and firewood, Advances in Water Resources, 107: 490-501. Find it here

Shrestha, S., Chapagain, R. & Babel, M.S. (2017) Quantifying the impact of climate change on crop yield and water footprint of rice in the Nam Oon irrigation project, Thailand, Science of The Total Environment, 599-600: 689-699. Find it here

Vanham, B., Gawlik, M. & Bidoglio, G. (2017) Cities as hotspots of indirect water consumption: The case study of Hong Kong, Journal of Hydrology, in press. Find it here

Zhang, X., Liu, J., Tang, Y., Zhao, X., Yang, H., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., van Vliet, M.T.H., Yan, J. (2017) China’s coal-fired power plants impose pressure on water resources, Journal of Cleaner Production, 161: 1171-1179. Find it here

Zhuo, L. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2017) The effect of different agricultural management practices on irrigation efficiency, water use efficiency and green and blue water footprint, Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 4(2): 185-194. Find it here

2016

Da Silva, V.P.R., De Oliveira, S.D., Hoekstra, A.Y., Dantas Neto, J., Campos, J.H.B.C., Braga, C.C., De Araújo, L.E., Aleixo, D.O., De Brito, J.I.B., De Souza, M.D. & De Holanda, R.M. (2016) Water footprint and virtual water trade of Brazil, Water, 8: 517. Find it here

Davis K.F., Gephart J.A., Emery K., Leach A., Galloway J.N. & D’Odorico P. (2016) Meeting future food demand with current agricultural resources, Global Environmental Change 39: 125-132. Find it here

Ercin, A.E. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) European water footprint scenarios for 2050, Water, 8(6): 226. Find it here

Fang, K., Song, S., Heijungs, R., de Groot, S., Dong, L., Song, J. & Wiloso, E.I. (2016) The footprint’s fingerprint: On the classification of the footprint family, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 23: 54-62. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes P.W. (2016) Energy for freshwater supply, use and disposal in the Netherlands: a case study of Dutch households, International Journal of Water Resources Development, 32(3): 398-411. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) A critique on the water-scarcity weighted water footprint in LCA, Ecological Indicators, 66: 564-573. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. & Mekonnen, M.M. (2016) Imported water risk: the case of the UK, Environmental Research Letters, 11(5): 055002. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. & Zhang, G.P. (2016) Water footprints and sustainable water allocation, Sustainability, 8(1): 20. Find it here

van den Hurk, B.J.J.M., Bouwer, L.M., Buontempo, C., Döscher, R., Ercin, E., Hananel, C., Hunink, J.E., Kjellström, E., Klein, B., Manez, M., Pappenberger, F., Pouget, L., Ramos, M-H., Ward, P.J., Weerts, A.H. & Wijngaard, J.B. (2016) Improving predictions and management of hydrological extremes through climate services: www.imprex.eu, Climate Services, 1: 6-11. Find it here

Marrin D.L.h6. Your title here… (2016) Using water footprints to identify alternatives for conserving local water resources in California. Water, 8: 497. Find it here

Mayer, A., Mubako, S. & Ruddell B. L. (2016) Developing the greatest blue economy: Water productivity, fresh water depletion and virtual water trade in the Great Lakes basin, Earth’s Future, 4: 282-297. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Four billion people facing severe water scarcity, Science Advances, 2(2): e1500323. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Future electricity: The challenge of reducing both carbon and water footprint, Science of the Total Environment, 569–570: 1282–1288. Find it here

Miguel-Ayala, L., van Eupen, M., Zhang, G.P., Pérez-Soba, M., Martorano, L.G. Lisboa, L. S, and Beltrao, N.E. (2016). Impact of agricultural expansion on water footprint in the Amazon under climate change scenarios, Science of the Total Environment, 569-570: 1159-1173. Find it here

Multsch S, Pahlow M, Ellensohn J, Michalik T, Frede H.G. & Breuer L (2016) A hotspot analysis of water footprints and groundwater decline in the High Plains aquifer region, USA. Regional Environmental Change, 16(8): 2419-2428. Find it here

Rushforth R.R. & Ruddell B.L. (2016) The vulnerability and resilience of a city’s water footprint: The case of Flagstaff, Arizona, USA. Water Resources Research, 52(4): 2698-2714. Find it here

Wu, P., Sun, S., Wang, Y., Zhao, X. (2017) Research on the quantification methods for water footprint of crop production, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 48(6): 651-660. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Benchmark levels for the consumptive water footprint of crop production for different environmental conditions: A case study for winter wheat in China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20: 4547-4559. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Consumptive water footprint and virtual water trade scenarios for China – with a focus on crop production, consumption and trade, Environment International, 94: 211-223. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) The effect of inter-annual variability of consumption, production, trade and climate on crop-related green and blue water footprints and inter-regional virtual water trade: A study for China (1978-2008), Water Research, 94: 73–85. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. &Wada, Y. (2016) Inter- and intra-annual variation of water footprint of crops and blue water scarcity in the Yellow River Basin (1961-2009), Advances in Water Resources, 87: 21-41. Find it here

2015

Bosire, C.K., Ogutu, J.O., Said, M.Y., Krol, M.S., De Leeuw, J. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Trends and spatial variation in water and land footprints of meat and milk production systems in Kenya, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 205: 36-47. Find it here

Chouchane, H., Hoekstra, A.Y., Krol, M.S. & Mekonnen, M.M. (2015) Water footprint of Tunisia from an economic perspective, Ecological Indicators, 52: 311-319. “Find it here”: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.12.015

Chukalla, A.D., Krol , M.S. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Green and blue water footprint reduction in irrigated agriculture: Effect of irrigation techniques, irrigation strategies and mulching, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(12): 4877–4891. Find it here

Dang Q, Lin X & Konar M (2015) Agricultural virtual water flows within the United States. Water Resources Research, 51(2): 973-986 Find it here

De Miguel, A., Hoekstra, A.Y. & García-Calvo, E. (2015) Sustainability of the water footprint of the Spanish pork industry, Ecological Indicators, 57: 465-474. Find it here

Fang, K., Heijungs, R. & De Snoo, G.R. (2015) Understanding the complementary linkages between environmental footprints and planetary boundaries in a footprint–boundary environmental sustainability assessment framework, Ecological Economics, 114: 218-226. Find it here

Fang, K., Heijungs, R., Duan, Z. & de Snoo, G.R. (2015) The environmental sustainability of nations: Benchmarking the water, carbon and land footprints with allocated planetary boundaries, Sustainability, 7(8): 11285-11305.Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The sustainability of a single activity, production process or product, Ecological Indicators, 57: 82–84. Find it here

Jackson, N., Konar, M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The water footprint of food aid, Sustainability, 7(6): 6435-6456. Find it here

Linneman, M.H., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Berkhout, W. (2015) Ranking water transparency of Dutch stock-listed companies, Sustainability, 7(4): 4341-4359. Find it here

Liu, J., Zhao, D., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. & Guan, D. (2015) China’s rising hydropower demand challenges water sector, Scientific Reports, 5: 11446. Find it here

Marston, L., Konar, M., Cai, X. & Troy, T.J. (2015). Virtual groundwater transfers from overexploited aquifers in the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(28): 8561-8566. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Global gray water footprint and water pollution levels related to anthropogenic nitrogen loads to fresh water, Environmental Science and Technology, 49(21): 12860−12868. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The consumptive water footprint of electricity and heat: A global assessment, Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, 1(3): 285-297. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Pahlow, M., Aldaya, M.M., Zarate, E. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Sustainability, efficiency and equitability of water consumption and pollution in Latin America and the Caribbean, Sustainability, 7(2): 2086-2112. Find it here

Pahlow, M., P.R. van Oel, M.M. Mekonnen and A.Y. Hoekstra (2015) Increasing pressure on freshwater resources due to terrestrial feed ingredients for aquaculture production, Science of the Total Environment, 536: 847–857. Find it here

Pahlow, M., Snowball, J. & Fraser, G. (2015) Water footprint assessment to inform water management and policy making in South Africa, Water SA, 41(3): 300-313. Find it here

Rushforth R.R. & Ruddell B.L. (2015) The hydro-economic interdependency of cities: Virtual water connections of the Phoenix, Arizona Metropolitan Area. Sustainability, 7: 8522–8547. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Booij, M.J. (2015) Review and classification of indicators of green water availability and scarcity, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19(11), 4581-4608. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Hamaideh, A., Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M. & Schyns, M. (2015) Mitigating the risk of extreme water scarcity and dependency: The case of Jordan, Water, 7(10): 5705-5730. Find it here

Williams R & Al-Hmoud R (2015) Virtual water on the Southern High Plains of Texas: The case of a nonrenewable blue water resource. Natural Resources 6: 27-36. Find it here

2014

Cazcarro, I., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Sánchez Chóliz, J. (2014) The water footprint of tourism in Spain, Tourism Management, 40: 90-101. Find it here

Ercin, A.E. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water footprint scenarios for 2050: A global analysis, Environment International, 64: 71-82. Find it here

Fang, K., Heijungs, R. & De Snoo, G.R. (2014) Theoretical exploration for the combination of the ecological, energy, carbon, and water footprints: Overview of a footprint family, Ecological Indicators, 36: 508-518. Find it here

Fulton J, Cooley H & Gleick P.H. (2014) Water footprint outcomes and policy relevance change with scale considered: Evidence from California. Water Resources Management, 28(11): 3637-3649. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Xu, L., De Vries, G.J. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) The blue water footprint and land use of biofuels from algae, Water Resources Research, 50(11): 8549-8563. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Sustainable, efficient and equitable water use: The three pillars under wise freshwater allocation, WIREs Water, 1(1): 31-40. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water for animal products: a blind spot in water policy, Environmental Research Letters, 9(9): 091003. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water scarcity challenges to business, Nature Climate Change, 4(5): 318-320. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. & Wiedmann, T.O. (2014) Humanity’s unsustainable environmental footprint, Science, 344(6188): 1114-1117. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water conservation through trade: The case of Kenya, Water International, 39(4): 451-468. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water footprint benchmarks for crop production: A first global assessment, Ecological Indicators, 46: 214-223. Find it here

Orlowsky, B., Hoekstra, A.Y., Gudmundsson, L. & Seneviratne, S.I. (2014) Todays virtual water consumption and trade under future water scarcity, Environmental Research Letters, 9: 074007. Find it here

Savenije, H.H.G., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Van der Zaag, P. (2014) Evolving water science in the Anthropocene, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(1): 319-332. Find it here

Schyns, J.F. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) La valeur ajoutee de l evaluation d empreinte eau pour la politique national de l eau: Une etude de cas pour le Maroc, traduction d un article de recherche publie en anglais dans la revue PLoS ONE, 9(6): e99705. Find it here

Schyns, J.F. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) The added value of Water Footprint Assessment for national water policy: A case study for Morocco, PLoS ONE, 9(6): e99705. Find it here

Vanham, D. & Bidoglio, G. (2014) The water footprint of agricultural products in European river basins, Environmental Research Letters, 9: 064007. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Sensitivity and uncertainty in crop water footprint accounting: A case study for the Yellow River basin, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(6): 2219-2234. Find it here

2013

Boulay, A.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Vionnet, S. (2013) Complementarities of water-focused life cycle assessment and water footprint assessment, Environmental Science and Technology, 47(21): 11926-11927. Find it here

Dumont, A., Salmoral, G. & Llamas, M.R. (2013) The water footprint of a river basin with a special focus on groundwater: The case of Guadalquivir basin (Spain), Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 60-76. Find it here

Ercin, A.E., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Sustainability of national consumption from a water resources perspective: The case study for France, Ecological Economics, 88: 133-147. Find it here

Francke, I.C.M. & Castro, J.F.W. (2013) Carbon and water footprint analysis of a soap bar produced in Brazil by Natura Cosmetics, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 37-48. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint of poultry, pork and beef: A comparative study in different countries and production systems, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 25-36. Find it here

Mubako S.T. & Lant C.L. (2013) Agricultural virtual water trade and water footprint of U.S. states. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 103(2): 385-396. Find it here

Mubako S.T., Lahiri S & Lant C.L. (2013) Input-output analysis of virtual water transfers: Case study of California and Illinois. Ecological Economics, 93: 230-238. Find it here

Ruini, L., Marino, M., Pignatelli, S., Laio, F. & Ridolfi, L. (2013) Water footprint of a large-sized food company: The case of Barilla pasta production, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 7-24. Find it here

Rushforth, R.R., Adams, E.A. & Ruddell, B.L. (2013) Generalizing ecological, water and carbon footprint methods and their worldview assumptions using embedded resource accounting, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 77-90. Find it here

Vanham, D. (2013) An assessment of the virtual water balance for agricultural products in EU river basins, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 49-59. Find it here

Vanham, D. & Bidoglio, G. (2013) A review on the indicator water footprint for the EU28, Ecological Indicators, 26: 61–75. Find it here

Vanham, D., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Bidoglio, G. (2013) Potential water saving through changes in European diets, Environment International, 61: 45-56. Find it here

Vanham, D., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint of the EU for different diets, Ecological Indicators, 32: 1-8. Find it here

Zhang, G.P., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Mathews, R.E. (2013) Water footprint assessment (WFA) for better water governance and sustainable development, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 1-6. Find it here

2012

Chapagain, A.K. & Tickner, D. (2012) Water footprint: Help or hindrance?, Water Alternatives, 5:(3) 563-581. Find it here

Ercin, A.E., Aldaya, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of soy milk and soy burger and equivalent animal products, Ecological Indicators, 18: 392−402. Find it here

Galli, A., Wiedmann, T., Ercin, E., Knoblauch, D., Ewing, B. & Giljum, S. (2012) Integrating ecological, carbon and water footprint into a “footprint family” of indicators: Definition and role in tracking human pressure on the planet, Ecological Indicators, 16: 100-112. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, W. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The water footprint of sweeteners and bio-ethanol, Environment International, 40: 202-211. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Van Lienden, A.R., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Van der Meer, Th.H. (2012) Biofuel scenarios in a water perspective: The global blue and green water footprint of road transport in 2030, Global Environmental Change, 22: 764-775. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Computer-supported games and role plays in teaching water management, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(8): 2985-2994. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The hidden water resource use behind meat and dairy, Animal Frontiers, 2(2): 3-8. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. & Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) From water footprint assessment to policy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(22): E1425. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. & Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) The water footprint of humanity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(9): 3232−3237. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M., Chapagain, A.K., Mathews, R.E. & Richter, B.D. (2012) Global monthly water scarcity: Blue water footprints versus blue water availability, PLoS ONE, 7(2): e32688. Find it here

Jefferies, D., Muñoz, I., Hodges, J., King, V.J., Aldaya, M., Ercin, A.E., Milà i Canals, L. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Water footprint and life cycle assessment as approaches to assess potential impacts of products on water consumption: Key learning points from pilot studies on tea and margarine, Journal of Cleaner Production, 33: 155-166. Find it here

Liu, C., Kroeze, C., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Gerbens-Leenes, W. (2012) Past and future trends in grey water footprints of anthropogenic nitrogen and phosphorus inputs to major world rivers, Ecological Indicators, 18: 42-49. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) A global assessment of the water footprint of farm animal products, Ecosystems, 15(3): 401−415. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The blue water footprint of electricity from hydropower, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(1): 179-187. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Becht, R. (2012) Mitigating the water footprint of export cut flowers from the Lake Naivasha basin, Kenya, Water Resources Management, 26: 3725−3742. Find it here

van Oel, P.R. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Towards quantification of the water footprint of paper: A first estimate of its consumptive component, Water Resources Management, 26(3): 733-749. Find it here

Steen-Olsen, K., Weinzettel, J., Cranston, G., Ercin, A.E. & Hertwich, E.G. (2012) Carbon, land, and water footprint accounts for the European Union: Consumption, production, and displacements through international trade, Environmental Science and Technology, 46(20): 10883-10891. Find it here

Zeng, Z., Liu, J., Koeneman, P.H., Zarate, E. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) Assessing water footprint at river basin level: a case study for the Heihe river basin in northwest China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(8): 2771-2781. Find it here

2011

Chapagain, A.K. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The blue, green and grey water footprint of rice from production and consumption perspectives, Ecological Economics, 70(4): 749-758. Find it here

Ercin, A.E., Aldaya, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) Corporate water footprint accounting and impact assessment: The case of the water footprint of a sugar-containing carbonated beverage, Water Resources Management, 25(2): 721-741. Find it here

Fader, M., Gerten, D., Thammer, M., Heinke, J., Lotze-Campen, H., Lucht, W. & Cramer, W. (2011) Internal and external green-blue agricultural water footprints of nations, and related water and land savings through trade, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(5): 1641-1660. Find it here

Feng, K., Hubacek, K., Minx, J., Siu, Y.L., Chapagain, A., Yu, Y., Guan, D. & Barrett, J. (2011) Spatially explicit analysis of water footprints in the UK, Water, 3(1): 47-63. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, W. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The water footprint of biofuel-based transport, Energy & Environmental Science, 4(8): 2658-2668. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The global dimension of water governance: Why the river basin approach is no longer sufficient and why cooperative action at global level is needed, Water, 3(1):21-46. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(5): 1577-1600. Find it here

2010

Aldaya, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) The water needed for Italians to eat pasta and pizza, Agricultural Systems, 103: 351-360. Find it here

Aldaya, M.M., Allan, J.A. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) Strategic importance of green water in international crop trade, Ecological Economics, 69(4): 887-894. Find it here

Aldaya, M.M., Martinez-Santos, P. & Llamas, M.R. (2010) Incorporating the water footprint and virtual water into policy: Reflections from the Mancha Occidental region, Spain, Water Resources Management, 24(5): 941-958. Find it here

Bulsink, F., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Booij, M.J. (2010) The water footprint of Indonesian provinces related to the consumption of crop products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14(1): 119−128. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) A global and high-resolution assessment of the green, blue and grey water footprint of wheat, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14(7), 1259−1276. Find it here

Romaguera, M., Hoekstra, A.Y., Su, Z., Krol, M.S. & Salama, M.S. (2010) Potential of using remote sensing techniques for global assessment of water footprint of crops, Remote Sensing, 2(4): 1177-1196. Find it here

2009

Chapagain, A.K., and Orr, S. (2009) An improved water footprint methodology linking global consumption to local water resources: A case of Spanish tomatoes, Journal of Environmental Management, 90: 1219-1228. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, W., Hoekstra, A.Y. & Van der Meer, T.H. (2009) The water footprint of bioenergy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (25): 10219-10223. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. Hoekstra, A.Y. & Van der Meer. Th. (2009) The water footprint of energy from biomass: A quantitative assessment and consequences of an increasing share of bio-energy in energy supply, Ecological Economics, 68(4): 1052-1060. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) Human appropriation of natural capital: A comparison of ecological footprint and water footprint analysis, Ecological Economics, 68(7): 1963-1974. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Gerbens-Leenes, W. & Van der Meer, T.H. (2009) Water footprint accounting, impact assessment, and life-cycle assessment, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(40): E114. Find it here

van Oel, P.R., Mekonnen M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) The external water footprint of the Netherlands: Geographically-explicit quantification and impact assessment, Ecological Economics, 69(1): 82-92. Find it here

Verma, S., Kampman, D.A., Van der Zaag, P. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) Going against the flow: A critical analysis of inter-state virtual water trade in the context of India’s national river linking programme, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 34: 261-269. Find it here

2008

Chapagain, A.K. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2008) The global component of freshwater demand and supply: An assessment of virtual water flows between nations as a result of trade in agricultural and industrial products, Water International, 33(1): 19-32. Find it here

Liu, J. & Savenije, H.H.G. (2008) Food consumption patterns and their effect on water requirement in China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 12(3): 887-898. Find it here

2007

Chapagain, A.K., and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2007) The water footprint of coffee and tea consumption in the Netherlands, Ecological Economics, 64(1): 109-118. Find it here

Galloway, J.N., et al. (2007) International trade in meat: The tip of the pork chop, Ambio, 36(8): 622-629. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. & Chapagain, A.K. (2007) The water footprints of Morocco and the Netherlands: Global water use as a result of domestic consumption of agricultural commodities, Ecological Economics, 64(1): 143-151. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. & Chapagain, A.K. (2007) Water footprints of nations: water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern, Water Resources Management, 21(1): 35-48. Find it here

2006

Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., and Savenije, H.H.G. (2006) Water saving through international trade of agricultural products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 10(3): 455-468. Find it here

Chapagain, A.K., Hoekstra, A.Y., Savenije, H.H.G. & Gautam, R. (2006) The water footprint of cotton consumption: An assessment of the impact of worldwide consumption of cotton products on the water resources in the cotton producing countries, Ecological Economics, 60(1): 186-203. Find it here

Ma, J., Hoekstra, A.Y., Wang, H., Chapagain, A.K. & Wang, D. (2006) Virtual versus real water transfers within China, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B., 361 (1469): 835-842. Find it here

2005

Hoekstra, A.Y. & Hung, P.Q. (2005) Globalisation of water resources: international virtual water flows in relation to crop trade, Global Environmental Change, 15(1): 45-56. Find it here