Mekonnen, Mesfin

Mesfin Mekonnen
Email: mesfin.mekonnen@ua.edu
LinkedIn page


Dr. Mesfin Mekonnen is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, The University of Alabama.

His research focuses on understanding the interactions between human and natural systems in determining the sustainability of freshwater resources. His specialties include water footprint assessment, water scarcity assessment, water management, crop water use modeling, spatial modeling and water for energy.

Prior to joining the University of Alabama, Mekonnen worked as a research assistant professor and postdoctoral associate at the Daugherty Water for Food Global Institute, University of Nebraska, from 2016 to 2020. From 2011 to 2016, we worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Twente in the Netherlands where he gained research experience in water footprint assessment, modeling water use in crop and animal production, water productivity assessment, and assessing global water scarcity.

Mekonnen has published more than 50 highly cited peer-reviewed articles. He is a member of the editorial board of Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems journal.

Selected publications

Marston, L., Ao, Y., Konar, M., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) High-resolution water footprints of production of the United States, Water Resources Research, 54: 2288-2316. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Fulton, J. (2018) The effect of diet changes and food loss reduction in reducing the water footprint of an average American, Water International, 43(6): 860-870. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2018) Global anthropogenic phosphorus loads to fresh water and associated grey water footprints and water pollution levels: A high-resolution global study, Water Resources Research, 54(1): 345–358. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2016) Imported water risk: the case of the UK, Environmental Research Letters, 11(5): 055002. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Four billion people facing severe water scarcity, Science Advances, 2(2): e1500323. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Future electricity: The challenge of reducing both carbon and water footprint, Science of the Total Environment, 569–570: 1282–1288. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Benchmark levels for the consumptive water footprint of crop production for different environmental conditions: A case study for winter wheat in China, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20: 4547-4559. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) Consumptive water footprint and virtual water trade scenarios for China – with a focus on crop production, consumption and trade, Environment International, 94: 211-223. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. & Hoekstra, A.Y. (2016) The effect of inter-annual variability of consumption, production, trade and climate on crop-related green and blue water footprints and inter-regional virtual water trade: A study for China (1978-2008), Water Research, 94: 73–85. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Wada, Y. (2016) Inter- and intra-annual variation of water footprint of crops and blue water scarcity in the Yellow River Basin (1961-2009), Advances in Water Resources, 87: 21-41. Find it here

Chouchane, H., Hoekstra, A.Y., Krol, M.S. & Mekonnen, M.M. (2015) Water footprint of Tunisia from an economic perspective, Ecological Indicators, 52: 311-319. “Find it here”: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2014.12.015

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Global gray water footprint and water pollution levels related to anthropogenic nitrogen loads to fresh water, Environmental Science and Technology, 49(21): 12860−12868. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Gerbens-Leenes, P.W. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) The consumptive water footprint of electricity and heat: A global assessment, Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology, 1(3): 285-297. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Pahlow, M., Aldaya, M.M., Zarate, E. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2015) Sustainability, efficiency and equitability of water consumption and pollution in Latin America and the Caribbean, Sustainability, 7(2): 2086-2112. Find it here

Pahlow, M., P.R. van Oel, M.M. Mekonnen and A.Y. Hoekstra (2015) Increasing pressure on freshwater resources due to terrestrial feed ingredients for aquaculture production, Science of the Total Environment, 536: 847–857. Find it here

Schyns, J.F., Hamaideh, A., Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M. and Schyns, M. (2015) Mitigating the risk of extreme water scarcity and dependency: The case of Jordan, Water, 7(10): 5705-5730. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water conservation through trade: The case of Kenya, Water International, 39(4): 451-468. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Water footprint benchmarks for crop production: A first global assessment, Ecological Indicators, 46: 214-223. Find it here

Zhuo, L., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2014) Sensitivity and uncertainty in crop water footprint accounting: A case study for the Yellow River basin, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18(6): 2219-2234. Find it here

Ercin, A.E., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) Sustainability of national consumption from a water resources perspective: The case study for France, Ecological Economics, 88: 133-147. Find it here

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint of poultry, pork and beef: A comparative study in different countries and production systems, Water Resources and Industry, 1-2: 25-36. Find it here

Vanham, D., Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2013) The water footprint of the EU for different diets, Ecological Indicators, 32: 1-8. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) From water footprint assessment to policy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(22): E1425. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y. and Mekonnen, M.M. (2012) The water footprint of humanity, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109(9): 3232−3237. Find it here

Hoekstra, A.Y., Mekonnen, M.M., Chapagain, A.K., Mathews, R.E. and Richter, B.D. (2012) Global monthly water scarcity: Blue water footprints versus blue water availability, PLoS ONE, 7(2): e32688. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) A global assessment of the water footprint of farm animal products, Ecosystems, 15(3): 401−415. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2012) The blue water footprint of electricity from hydropower, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16(1): 179-187. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M., Hoekstra, A.Y. and Becht, R. (2012) Mitigating the water footprint of export cut flowers from the Lake Naivasha basin, Kenya, Water Resources Management, 26: 3725−3742. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2011) The green, blue and grey water footprint of crops and derived crop products, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(5): 1577-1600. Find it here

Mekonnen, M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2010) A global and high-resolution assessment of the green, blue and grey water footprint of wheat, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 14(7), 1259−1276. Find it here

van Oel, P.R., Mekonnen M.M. and Hoekstra, A.Y. (2009) The external water footprint of the Netherlands: Geographically-explicit quantification and impact assessment, Ecological Economics, 69(1): 82-92. Find it here